On this page you'll find a general timeline of events in the Paston family story interleaved with national and international events. We are gradually developing links and other aspects to operate with the timeline; these will be available as we progress the Paston Footprints 600 project.
For the present all dates are given using the Georgian calendar, whereas at the time of many of the events dates were in the Julian calendar. As well as being a few days different in the days of the month, the New Year fell at the end of March. Thus an event could be given in an original document as, say, 1461 but by our calendar it would actually be 1462. Added to that, the date would generally be given as the year of the monarch's reign. We have relied on the researches of modern historians for the dates we have used.
The first known case of the Black Death arrives in England.
By the autumn it reaches London and spread throughout the country the following year. It kills around 50% of the population of England.
The Battle of Poitiers.
This is a major English victory in the 100 Years War.
William Winter purchases the manor of East Beckham.
The Peasants' Revolt.
Also known as Wat Tyler's rebellion or the Great Rising, it is a revolt across large parts of England. Bishop of Norwich Henry Despencer defeats a rebel army at North Walsham on June 25th or 26th.
William Paston attends the Inns of Court.
An approximate year for his first appointment in London.
Henry IV deposes Richard II as King of England; Richard dies in captivity in 1400.
The Battle of Shrewsbury.
The Lancastrian King Henry IV secures his position as King with the defeat of Henry "Harry Hotspur" Percy and his rebel army.
John Winter buys East Beckham.
William Paston I becomes the steward of courts of the Bishop of Norwich.
Henry IV dies and Henry V accedes to the throne of England.
William Paston I acts as arbitrator concerning the mayoralty of Norwich.
John Winter dies.
Henry V undertakes his first campaign in France.
Henry claimed a right of inheritance to lands in France through his female line; this was the third and final part of the Anglo-French Hundred Years War.
William Paston I becomes a Justice of the Peace.
His reputation grows as he becomes a JP.
East Beckham is sold to William and Joan Mariot.
The Battle of Agincourt.
An unexpected but famous victory for the English army led by Henry V. It greatly increased English morale and prestige.
Geoffrey Somerton dies.
Henry V's second campaign in France begins.
The first extant Paston Letter is written.
William Paston I buys the property at Oxnead.
Death of Clement Paston I
Clement, the first clearly-known Paston of the dynsasty, dies.
The surrender of Rouen.
English forces loyal to Henry V capture the city of Rouen. The siege of the city is reckoned to have lasted from 29th July 1418.
The Battle of Bauge
The Dauphin of France appeals to Scotland for help to fight the English; the English army is defeated.
The Treaty of Troyes.
With the success of Henry V's campaign, a treaty is signed which agrees that Henry and his heirs will inherit the throne of France.
Henry V marries Catherine de Valois, youngest daughter of Charles VI of France, in St Jean-au-Marché church, Troyes.
William Paston I is made a serjeant-at-law.
William becomes a barrister of the highest rank.
William Paston appointed Serjeant at Law
Henry VI is born at Windsor Castle.
William Paston I becomes commissioner of assize in the south-west.
A further role as a judge gives William responsibility in the south-west of England.
The accession of Henry VI to the English throne as a baby of nine months.
Becoming a king at such a young age leads to years of rivalry between those acting on his behalf.
John, Duke of Bedford becomes regent to the child king Henry VI.
William Paston I in London. He is consulted by Norwich Corporation.
Walter Aslak attacks William Paston I in Norwich.
The Battle of Verneuil
John, Duke of Bedford, Regent of France, commands 8,000 men facing an army of French and Scots. The English army is victorious.
William Paston to John Staynford, AD 1425 (Letter) From William Paston to John Staynford
Nicholas, Prior of Bromholm, to William Paston, AD 1425 (Letter) From Nicholas Prior of Bromholm to William Paston
By this date William Paston I acquires the manors of Shipden and Ropers in Cromer.
The village of Shipden is gradually being lost to the sea, as is part of the manor of Ropers.
William Paston to William Worsted and others (Letter) From William Paston to William Worsted and others
William Paston I buys the manor of Gresham.
William Paston I becomes Justice of Common Pleas.
William takes on a further responsibility with the main court of common law.
Joan of Arc raises the siege of Orléans and the English army withdraws.
The new French hero inspires the French to defeat the English forces besieging the city.
The Battle of Patay, France.
A victory for the French army, which includes Joan of Arc. After this battle Sir John Fastolf is accused of cowardice, a charge he hotly denies.
Henry VI is crowned at Westminster.
Henry is seven years old.
William Paston I acquires the manors of Woodhall in Great Palgrave, Sporle, and Streethall in Cressingham.
Joan of Arc is captured at Compiègne by a group of French nobles allied with the English.
Joan of Arc is burnt at the stake.
Joan had been captured by Burgundian French and handed over to the English. A year later she is tried by a pro-English bishop and sentenced to death.
Henry VI is crowned in Paris.
As France and England fought for parts of France, as a response to Charles VII's coronation as French King in Reims Cathedral on 17 July 1429, Henry VI is crowned as King of France at Notre Dame de Paris on 16 December 1431, aged 10. He was the only English king to be crowned king in both England and France.
William Paston is appointed as a commissioner to inquire into the administration of Norwich.
John Mautby dies.
William Mariot dies.
Edmund Winter seizes and occupies East Beckham.
The Congress and Treaty of Arras.
As a result of the Congress and the Treaty at its conclusion, King Charles VII of France and Duke Philip of Burgundy are reconciled, with England left isolated.
Sir John Fastolf becomes governor of Anjou and Maine.
John Gyne to John Paston, circa AD 1435-6 (Letter) From John Gyne to John Paston
Mariot surrenders all evidence of title to East Beckham to William Paston.
John, the Duke of Bedford, dies.
His death during the Congress of Arras is a blow to England, with Burgundy abandoning the English cause.
By this date William Paston I is legal advisor to Fastolf.
A siege of Calais.
The Duke of Burgundy attempts unsuccessfully to take the port from the English.
William Paston to unidentified lord, AD 1436 (Letter) From William Paston to Unidentified lord
Agnes Paston to William Paston, AD 1436/40 (Letter) From Agnes Paston to William Paston
The French recover the city of Paris.
Since the treaty of Arras, Paris, as a Burgundian city, was in a strange position as it was supposed to be the English capital in France. A French siege of the city leads the last of the English allies to leave the city.
The manor of East Beckham is seized by the Crown and granted for life to Edmund Hampden.
Henry VI takes on (or does not take on) the duties of government.
At the age of sixteen Henry officially takes on responsibility for the government of England but allows his court to be dominated by a few noble lords.
Sir John Fastolf returns to England.
Now over 60, he returns from France to live at his properties in Southwark and at Caister castle.
Petition to the Earl of Suffolk or his arbiter concerning East Beckham, perhaps 1439 (Petition) To The Earl of Suffolk
Sir John Fastolf to Henry Inglose and John Berney, after AD 1440 (Letter) From Sir John Fastolf to Henry Inglose and John Berney
A siege of Harfleur.
English forces led by Edmond Beaufort, later Duke of Somereset, capture the port. It remains in English hands for the next nine years.
Agnes Paston to William Paston, 20th April, probably 1440 (Letter) From Agnes Paston to William Paston
John Mariot occupies East Beckham.
Margaret Paston to John Paston, after 1440 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
Margery Paston to John Paston, 14th December 1441? (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
John Paston I admitted to the Inner Temple
He lodges there until at least 1450
William Paston I is granted custody of East Beckham.
Later he leases it to Simon Gunnor and William Shepherd.
Edward IV is born.
He is to become the first Yorkist king of England.
William Paston I is licensed to divert roads at both Paston and Oxnead.
John Hauteyn claims the manor of Oxnead.
James Gloys: A Memorandum about Oxnead and Friar Hawteyn, 1443-9 (Memorandum) From James Gloys to Friar Hawteyn
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 28th September 1443 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
William Paston 01 dies.
William died within the parish of St Brides, Fleet Street.
John Gyn to William Paston, about 1435 (Letter) From John Gyn to William Paston
Will of William Paston, the Judge (Will) From William Paston, the Judge
The manor of East Beckham is awarded to William Paston I.
An agreement is reached between William Paston I and copyhold tenants in the village of Paston.
Peace negotiations take place between England and France.
The Treaty of Tours of 28th May is the conclusion of negotiations between the representatives of Henry VI of England and Charles VII of France. The treaty does not last but it does result in Henry VI marrying the influential Margaret of Anjou.
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 8th July 1444 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
Agnes Paston reports that she is in dispute with vicar and villagers of Paston.
John Mariot recovers the manor of East Beckham.
Edmund Paston attends Cliffords Inn
Agnes Paston to Edmund Paston, 4th February 1445 (Letter) From Agnes Paston to Edmund Paston
Henry VI is married to Margaret of Anjou at Titchfield Abbey.
John Paston I becomes a Justice of the Peace.
Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester is arrested and dies.
After his unpopular marriage to Eleanor Cobham and her arreest for sorcery, he is arrested for treason and dies three days later at Bury St Edmunds.
Edmund Winter dies.
Gresham castle is claimed and occupied by Lord Moleyns.
Margaret Paston to John Paston, April 1448 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 19th May 1448 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
War with France is reopened, and the French conquest of Normandy begins.
Edmund Paston dies and is buried at Whitefriars
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 1449 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
Elizabeth Clere to John Paston, before 1449 (Letter) From Elizabeth Clere to John Paston
Margaret Paston is evicted from Gresham mansion by Moleyns, and the mansion is sacked.
Margaret Paston flees to Norwich.
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 15th February 1449 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 28th February 1449 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 2nd April, 1449 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
Robert Wenyngton to Thomas Daniel, 25th May 1449 (Letter) From Robert Wenyngton to Thomas Daniel
Rouen in Normandy is taken by the French after a siege of three weeks.
John Hauteyn abandons his claims to Oxnead.
John Paston I sued for trespass at Gresham by Moleyns.
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 12th March 1450 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
William de la Pole, Duke of Suffolk, is impeached and murdered at sea.
The Duke of Suffolk exercised considerable influence in the time of the young King Henry VI. Banished for five year, his ship is intercepted at sea and he is beheaded.
William Lomner to John Paston, 5th May 1450 (Letter) From William Lomner to John Paston
Jack Cade's rebellion in Kent
London is ransacked in June but the rebels are then defeated. Sir John Fastolf of Southwark and Caister, a cousin to Margaret Paston, negotiates with Cade. Cade is killed in July.
The town of Cherbourg falls to the French armies.
The town, the last English possession of the Duchy of Normandy, is handed over four months after French victory at the nearby battle of Formingy.
Richard marches on London.
Richard Plantagenet, the third Duke of York, marches an army on London, amongst general unrest in England.
Richard, Duke of York, returns from Ireland.
Agnes Paston is in conflict with villagers of Paston about the new road and the wall.
The crisis of government in England continues.
Henry VI and Richard of York continue in dispute.
Agnes Paston is amerced six pence in the manorial court of Gimingham.
An amercement is a fine in English law.
John Paston I regains possession of Gresham.
In the latter part of the year, Richard of York writes to supporters in Norfolk seeking support for an uprising against the King.
Agnes Paston to John Paston c.1451 (Deposition) From Agnes Paston to John Paston
Agnes Paston to John Paston, 1451 or later (Letter) From Agnes Paston to John Paston
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 3rd March 1451 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 15th March 1451 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 30th March 1451 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
John Osbern to John Paston, 27th May 1451 (Letter) From John Osbern to John Paston
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 3rd June probably 1451 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 1st July 1451 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
England loses Gascony.
The town of Bayonne surrenders to the French, ending English rule in Gascony.
John Paston I complains of disturbances in Norfolk.
The Duke of York leads an army to London to make the King remove the Duke of Somerset from power.
The Duke of York surrenders to the army raised by the Queen and promises not to oppose the King.
Government recovers its nerve.
Supporters of the Duke of York face the royal army at Dartford. The Duke gives way and is given a pardon.
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 16th April, probably 1452 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 4th July 1452 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
An army under Sir John Talbot is sent to Gascony.
John Talbot, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury, recaptures Bordeaux and England regains control of much of Gascony.
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 5th November 1452 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
John Paston to John Norwode, 1453 (Letter) From John Paston to John Norwode
William Reynolds of Cromer to Agnes Paston, 1453 (Letter) From William Reynolds to Agnes Paston
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 29th January, perhaps 1454 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 30th January perhaps 1453 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 20th April 1453 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
Philip Berney dies.
Agnes Paston to John Paston, 6th July 1453 (Letter) From Agnes Paston to John Paston
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 6th July 1453 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
Sir John Talbot is killed at Castillon.
Gascony is finally lost in the last battle of the Hundred Years War
Henry VI has a nervous breakdown.
The king is completely incapacitated, and others have to rule in his stead. He will regain his senses on Christmas Day, 1454.
Edward, Prince of Wales, is born.
He is born at the Palace of Westminster and becomes Prince of Wales.
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 15the October, perhaps 1453 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
The Duke of York is made Protector of England.
He also makes himself Captain of Calais, removing the Earl of Somerset.
Margaret Paston to John Paston, perhaps 1st February, 1454 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
William Paston to John Paston, July 1454 (Letter) From William Paston to John Paston
John Paston to Lord Grey, 15th July 1454 (Bill in Parliament) From John Paston to Lord Grey
William Paston to John Paston, 6th September 1454 (Letter) From William Paston to John Paston
Henry VI returns to "active" life at Christmas.
The Duke of York is removed from the position of Protector.
John Paston I, on Fastolf's behalf, disputes with Sir Philip Wentworth on the wardship of Thomas Fastolf.
The Wars of the Roses begin.
The various civil wars will continue until 1485.
Johannes Gutenberg produces the first Bible on the printing press he has invented.
The Duke of York is again proclaimed Protector.
Edmund Clere to John Paston, 9th January 1455 (Letter) From Edmund Clere to John Paston
Sir John Fastolf to John Paston, 7th February 1455 (Letter) From Sir John Fastolf to John Paston
The first Battle of St Albans.
King Henry and his Lancastrians fail to hold the town again the Yorkists led by the earls of Salisbury and Warwick.
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 25th November 1460 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
John Paston I and William Paston II are among Fastolf's feoffees, entrusted with his affairs.
The return of the comet now called Halley's comet for one of its 75-year cycles.
Fastolf proposes to found a college at Caister.
William Worcester to John Paston, 27th January 1456 (Letter) From William Worcester to John Paston
The Duke of York is discharged from the protectorship after Henry VI recovers again from mental illness.
John Bocking to John Paston, 15th May 1456 (Letter) From John Bocking to John Paston
John Bocking to John Paston, 7th June 1456 (Letter) From John Bocking to John Paston
From September the court is at Coventry.
The court moved to Coventry, in the heart of the Queen's lands.
William Wainfleet becomes Chancellor.
Chancellor is the highest office in the state.
John Paston I pays a fine to decline a knighthood.
A French force attacks the Kent town of Sandwich and burns the town.
A force of around 4,000 men from Honfleur, under the command of Pierre de Brézé, Marshal of France, come ashore to pillage the town. The mayor, John Drury, is murdered in the raid.
Elizabeth Paston marries Robert Poynings.
The Earl of Warwick as Captain of Calais establishes a fleet in the Channel.
Magdalen College, Oxford, is founded by William Wainfleet.
Agnes Paston, 28th January 1458 (List) From Agnes Paston
William Botoner to Sir John Fastolf, 1st February 1458 (Letter) From William Botoner to Sir John Fastolf
John Bocking to Sir John Fastolf, 15th March 1458 (Letter) From John Bocking to Sir John Fastolf
The Duke of York and the Yorkists are condemned as rebels by Parliament, which meets at Coventry.
William Paston II and William Worcester in London, discussing Fastolf's property.
Friar Brackley to John Paston, 1459 (Letter) From Friar Brackley to John Paston
Margaret Paston to John Paston, Sept, about 1459 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
The Battle of Blore Heath results in a Yorkist victory.
Blore Heath is to the south of Market Drayton in Shropshire. The battle takes place when Queen Margaret orders her army to intercept an attempt by two Yorkist armies to link up, but a Yorkist force is victorious.
The Battle of Ludford Bridge.
At this battle the Earl of Warwick's Calais men refuse to fight their King, and Warwick and the future Edward IV flee to Calais.
Sir John Fastolf dies after reputedly making a will in favour of John Paston I.
Margery Paston to John Paston, 24th December 1459 (Letter) From Margery Paston to John Paston
John Paston I buys quitclaim to Huntingfield Hall, Bacton, Norfolk, and petitions for the right to hold a manorial court.
A quitclaim deed is a legal instrument used to transfer interest in property.
After the Battle of Northampton, Queen Margaret of Anjou and her seven-year-old son Edward escape to Harlech castle.
The Duke of York claims the crown of England but is dissuaded from pressing his claim.
He is promised he will be King when Henry VI dies.
William Paston to John Paston, 28th January 1460 (Letter) From William Paston and Thomas Playter to John Paston
The Battle of Northampton.
This is a defeat for the Lancastrians, and the King, Henry VI, is captured. Artillery is used for the first time in a battle in England.
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 21st October 1460 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 29th October 1460 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
The Duke of York is killed at the Battle of Wakefield after he ventures out from Sandal Castle.
Many prominent leaders of the Yorkists were killed in the battle or subsequently executed.
John Paston II is eventually elected to the Commons as a knight of the shire for Norfolk.
The Duke of Norfolk, John Mowbray II, seizes Caister Castle.
John Paston II serves in the royal household of Edward IV.
Worcester on bad terms with the Pastons.
He is in dispute with the Pastons, having received little benefit from Sir John Fastolf's will. As Fastolf's long-serving secretary, he doubtless expected to receive due reward.
John Paston I imprisoned in the Fleet.
Clement Paston to John Paston, 23rd January 1461 (Letter) From Clement Paston to John Paston
The Second Battle of St Albans is a victory for the Lancastrians and leads to King Henry VI being released.
The Yorkist army, commanded by the Earl of Warwick and including John Paston, is attempting to block the road to London. The Lancastrian army outflanks them but does not press on to make the most of their victory by marching on London.
John Paston the Youngest perhaps to Thomas Playter, March 1461 (Letter) From John Paston to Thomas Playter
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 1st March, probably 1461 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
Edward IV is proclaimed King.
The Battle of Towton.
This is a decisive victory for the Yorkists, and Edward IV takes over from Henry VI as King. The arrival of the Duke of Norfolk and his men is a decisive moment in the battle.
W. Paston and Thomas Playters to John Paston, 4th April 1461 (Letter) From W. Paston and Thomas Playters to John Paston
Thomas Playter to John Paston, 1461 (Letter) From Thomas Playter to John Paston
Margaret Paston to John Paston, June 1461 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
Edward IV is crowned King.
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 9th July 1461 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 15th July 1461 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 18th July 1461 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 2nd December 1461 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
John Mowbray, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, dies.
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 3rd December 1461 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
Richard Calle to John Paston, 29th December 1461 (Letter) From Richard Calle to John Paston
John Paston Junior to His Father, probably May-June, 1462 (Letter) From John Paston to John Paston
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 18th May 1462 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
John Paston I briefly imprisoned again in the Fleet
The Battle of Hedgeley Moor.
Yorkist leader John Neville, later Lord Montagu, defeats a Lancastrian army led by Henry Beaufort, Duke of Somerset.
Edward IV marries Elizabeth Woodville.
An official marriage for Edward was being arranged in France when it was announced that he was already married to widow Elizabeth Woodville.
The Battle of Hexham.
John Neville's force ends Lancastrian resistance in the north of England.
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 29th April 1459 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 8th June 1464 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
The siege of Hellesdon Hall.
William Paston II is serving as a Justice of the Peace.
John Paston I imprisoned in the Fleet
John Paston II jousts on the King’s side at Eltham Palace
Margaret Paston to Sir John Paston, 6? July 1465 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
Margaret Paston to John Paston, 27th October 1465 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to John Paston
John Paston I is again in Fleet prison.
He is possibly in prison when he dies.
Anthony Woodville seizes Paston property at Norwich and Caister.
The Duke of Suffolk seizes Drayton and Hellesdon.
Edward IV accepts that the Pastons are gentlemen.
Richard, Earl of Warwick's relations with Edward IV are deteriorating.
John Paston I dies in London.
His body is processed to Norfolk for burial at Bromholm Priory.
Probate of Fastolf's will granted to John Paston II and Thomas Howes.
Sir John Paston to John Paston, April 1467 (Letter) From Sir John Paston to John Paston
Fastolf's feoffees release Caister to John Paston II.
Marriage of Margaret of York to Charles the Bold of Burgundy.
Thomas Howes declares Fastolf's will falsified.
Anthony, Lord Scales to a member of the Council of the Duke of Norfolk, 10th April 1469 (Letter) From Lord Scales to Duke of Norfolk
Sir John Paston to John Paston, 9th November 1468 (Letter) From Sir John Paston to John Paston
John Paston III is besieged in Caister by the Duke of Norfolk and obliged to surrender.
Edward IV visits Norwich.
Margery Paston marries Richard Calle.
King Edward IV and his brother Richard of Gloucester visit Norwich.
Lord Scales to unknown person, 10th April 1469 (Letter) From Lord Scales
Warwick captures the king.
Edward IV, captured following the Battle of Edgecote Moor, is imprisoned in Warwick Castle and then Middleham Castle. Continuing discontent forces Warwick to release him.
Richard Calle enters East Beckham on behalf of John Paston II.
The Battle of Edgcote
Edward IV's supporters are defeated by a force led by Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick.
Margaret Paston to Sir John Paston, 12th September 1469 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to Sir John Paston
Sir John Paston to John Paston, 18th September 1469 (Letter) From Sir John Paston to John Paston
Passport to the besieged on surrender of Caister, 26th September 1469 (Passport) From Duke of Norfolk to John Paston
Mortgage of East Beckham sealed between Roger Townshend and John Paston II.
John Paston II acknowledges loss of Cotton and Wickham Skeith to Alice de la Pole.
Warwick and the Duke of Clarence flee to France after a failed rebellion.
They are not allowed into Calais and seek refuge with Louis XI of France.
Agnes Paston and William Paston II initiate legal action to enforce the will of William Paston I.
William Paston II has married Lady Anne Beaufort by this date.
John Paston II compromises with William Wainfleet on the disposal of Fastolf's lands, many of which pass to Magdalen College.
After Henry VI's restoration, Norfolk releases Caister Castle to John Paston II.
Warwick comes to terms with Margaret of Anjou.
He invades England with Clarence, forces Edward to flee to Burgundy and restores Henry VI.
The Black Death strikes England again.
It is estimated that 10-15 per cent of the population of England die in this outbreak.
Elizabeth Poynings marries Sir George Browne.
Born Elizabeth Paston, she had been a widow for over a decade.
Margaret of Anjou returns, is defeated at Tewkesbury, and her son, Prince Edward, is killed.
King Edward IV and his brother the Duke of Gloucester (Richard III) return from exile.
They make landfall at Cromer when returning from exile but do not come ashore, going on to land on the coast of Lincolnshire.
Edward IV and his brother the Duke of Gloucester (Richard III) land at Ravenspur in Yorkshire.
John Paston II and John Paston III are at the battle of Barnet on the losing Lancastrian side.
John Neville, 1st Marquess of Montagu, and his brother the Earl of Warwick - formerly a Yorkist commander - die in the battle.
The Duke of Clarence joins Edward IV at the Battle of Barnet.
Sir John Paston to Margaret Paston, 18th April 1471 (Letter) From Sir John Paston to Margaret Paston
John Paston of Gelston to Margaret Paston (Letter) From John Paston to Margaret Paston
Edward IV enters London.
Henry VI is murdered in the Tower the same night.
Caister Castle is seized again by the Duke of Norfolk.
John Paston III is out of favour with the Duke of Norfolk, but not with the Duchess.
William Paston II is a Member of Parliament.
John Paston to Sir John Paston, 21st September 1472 (Letter) From John Paston to Sir John Paston
John Paston to Sir John Paston, 16th October 1472 (Letter) From John Paston to Sir John Paston
Sir John Paston to John Paston, 4th November 1472 (Letter) From Sir John Paston to John Paston
John Paston to Sir John Paston, 24th November 1472 (Letter) From John Paston to Sir John Paston
The Duchess of Norfolk gives birth to Anne Mowbray.
Walter Paston goes to Oxford University.
John Berney dies.
Agnes Paston living with son William at Warwick’s Inn, Warwick Gardens near Newgate
Edward IV invades France, aided by Burgundy and Brittany.
He makes the Treaty of Picquigny in return for a payment and an annual pension.
Margaret Paston to Sir John Paston, 1475 (Letter) From Margaret Paston to Sir John Paston
The Duke of Norfolk dies, and John Paston II recovers Caister.
The Duke died overnight, and his death is sometimes given as June 17.
John Paston II lodges at the George Inn, Paul’s Wharf, Lombard Street
Now Bennets Hill, opposite the College of Arms.
Marjory Brews to John Paston, February, 1477 (Letter) From Marjory Brews to John Paston
Clement Paston II dies by August.
William Paston III begins education at Eton school.
John Paston III's son, Christopher, is born.
Richard, Duke of York, marries Anne Mowbray.
The Duke of Clarence is executed, allegedly by being drowned in a barrel of wine.
The Duke, George Plantagenet, was killed while a prisoner in the Tower of London.
A further year of the Black Death.
Agnes Paston dies.
William Paston II occupies Marlingford in defiance of John Paston II.
Birth of William Paston (1479-1554), from whom all further Pastons will be descended.
John Paston II dies and is buried at Whitefriars, Bouverie Street.
William Paston II is in possession of the village of Paston with the consent of Agnes Paston.
Walter Paston dies.
Sir John Paston to Margaret Paston, 29th October 1479 (Letter) From Sir John Paston to Margaret Paston
John Paston II dies.
William Pekoc to Sir John Paston, 4th November 1479? (Letter) From William Pekoc to Sir John Paston
John Paston to Margaret Paston, December 1479 (Letter) From John Paston to Margaret Paston
William Worcester, formerly secretary to Sir John Fastolf, dies.
He was also a traveller and writer of history.
Edward IV, King of England, dies suddenly aged 40.
Edward V and Richard of York and Norfolk, the "Princes in the Tower", are murdered.
Richard, Duke of Gloucester, becomes king.
He is the last Plantagenet king of England.
Sir George Browne is executed for taking part in Buckingham's revolt.
His wife Elizabeth is widowed for a second time.
Margaret Paston, née Mautby, author of many of the Paston letters, dies.
John Paston III becomes MP for Norwich and Sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk.
John Paston III benefits from his association with the Earl of Oxford.
Henry Tudor takes the crown and begins the Tudor dynasty.
John Howard, The Duke of Norfolk, to John Paston, August 1485 (Letter) From The Duke of Norfolk to John Paston
The Battle of Bosworth (Dadlington). Richard III dies.
John Paston III declines the Duke of Norfolk's invitation to accompany him to confront Henry Tudor.
John Paston III is knighted on the battlefield at the Battle of Stoke.
Henry VII creates John Paston III a Knight Banneret, which means he leads a company of troops during a time of war under his own banner.
Sir Edward Bedingfield to John Paston, 16th May 1487 (Letter) From Sir Edward Bedingfield to John Paston
Battle of Stoke.
The Battle of Stoke, the last battle of the Wars of the Roses. An unsuccessful attempt by the Yorkists to put the imposter Lambert Simnel on the throne.
Elizabeth Paston is buried next to her husband, Sir George Browne, at Blackfriars, Ludgate.
Settlement is reached by arbitration between William Paston II and John Paston III.
The dispute centred on the inheritance of the estates of Agnes Paston after Agnes died in 1479.
T. Grigges to Sir John Paston, 2nd February 1489 (Letter) From T. Grigges to Sir John Paston
Christopher Columbus "discovers" America.
William Paston II dies.
William Paston is buried at Blackfriars, Ludgate.
John Paston III attends a royal marriage
Katherine of Aragon and Prince Arthur were at St Pauls Cathedral.
John Paston III recovers East Beckham.
John Paston III dies.
Last of the first sequence of Paston Letters is written.
Henry VIII is crowned at Westminster Abbey.
Battle of Flodden Field.
The battle of Flodden Field is fought between an invading Scots army under King James IV and an English army commanded by the Earl of Surrey. James IV was killed in the battle.
Sir William Paston attends the Field of the Cloth of Gold with Henry VIII.
Sir William Paston, an eminent lawyer, serves in the Tudor Court.
Magellan's vessel returns after the first circumnavigation of the earth.
Magellan's vessel, the Vittoria (or Victoria), arrives back in Spain after the first circumnavigation of the earth. Magellan was killed during the voyage.
The birth of Sir William Paston, founder of the Paston School in North Walsham.
He is also builder of the great barn and almshouses in the village of Paston, Norfolk.
Henry VIII begins to sever ties with the church in Rome.
The 1534 Act of Supremacy declares Henry the "Supreme Head on earth of the Church of England".
William Tyndale and Miles Coverdale are responsible for the first Bible to be translated and printed in English.
The Act of Suppression is passed by Parliament.
The Act of Suppression includes provision to close all monasteries worth less than 200 pounds per annum, which includes Bromholm Priory. Sir Thomas Paston benefits from the closures, gaining the Bishop of Norwich's houses at Thorpe and Blofield. In addition, Henry VIII grants Sir Thomas Paston the Priory of Binham.
Thomas Paston appointed to Henry VIII’s Privy Council
Thomas Paston appointed Head of Royal Armouries at Greenwich.
Edward VI, son of Henry VIII, is crowned King of England at the age of nine.
The Duke of Somerset is appointed Protector.
Sir Thomas Paston and Sir William Paston assist in the defence of Norwich. Cannon are transported from Caister Castle to bolster the city's defences.
Edward Paston of Blofield is born in the year his father Thomas dies.
King Edward VI is appointed Edward Paston's godfather.
Alice Packington marries Richard Lambert
He is a grocer and Sheriff of London in 1567. They marry in St Michael Bassishaw near Smithfield.
Elizabeth I becomes Queen.
Elizabeth I, a Protestant, becomes Queen of England at the age of 25 on the death of her half-sister, Queen Mary I, a Roman Catholic.
Coronation of Queen Elizabeth I at Westminster Abbey.
About this time Edward Paston studies at the Inns of Court.
Death of Richard Lambert at St Mary Bow, Cheapside
At about this time Edward Paston marries Elizabeth Lambert.
She is daughter of Richard Lambert and Alice Packington, who by this time had married Edward’s Uncle, Clement Paston of Oxnead.
Bridget Paston marries Edward Coke.
Bridget, daughter of John Paston of Huntingfield, Suffolk, marries the distinguished lawyer, Edward Coke, who is knighted in 1604.
Mary Queen of Scots, a Roman Catholic, is executed at Fotheringay Castle in Northamptonshire by beheading.
The Spanish Armada threatens invasion.
In May Spain dispatches the Armada to England. It is defeated in a series of actions at sea from July to September.
Roman Catholic priests Edward Oldcorne and John Gerard are landed on Bacton beach.
They operate under cover in Protestant England.
The probable date of writing of the play Richard III by William Shakespeare.
The death of Admiral Clement Paston, who served under both Henry VIII and Elizabeth I.
Sir William Paston inherits the remainder of the Paston estates, including Oxnead Hall.
Fire destroys over 100 buildings in the centre of North Walsham.
Sir William Paston provides support for those made homeless by the fire. He buys vacant land near the Market Place on which to build a school.
On the death of Elizabeth I, King James VI of Scotland ascends English throne as James I.
Sir Thomas Holland to Lady Muriel Knyvett, 16th February 1603 (Letter) From Sir Thomas Holland to Lady Muriel
The opening of Sir William Paston's Free Grammar School in North Walsham.
Sir William endows the school with estates that will provide income to cover the running costs.
Guy Fawkes and his fellow plotters attempt to blow up the Houses of Parliament.
The title deed of Sir William Paston's school in North Walsham is signed.
Jamestown in Virginia is established as the first English settlement in the Americas.
The contract is drawn up for the building of Sir William Paston's tomb in North Walsham parish church.
Sir William consults Sir Thomas Knevet about the design of the tomb and commissions a London sculptor to construct his memorial for the sum of £200 (around £25,000 in 21st century value).
Sir William Paston dies. He is buried in the tomb he had built in North Walsham parish church.
The King James Bible is completed and published.
Barningham Hall is built by Edward Paston.
Edward Paston also has houses at Appleton Hall near King's Lynn and at Blofield.
Sir Thomas Holland to Lady Katherine Paston 28th October 1618 (Letter) From Sir Thomas Holland to Lady Katherine Paston
Lady Katherine Paston to Sir John Heveningham 1619 (Letter) From Lady Katherine Paston to Sir John Heveningham
Sir John Heveningham to Lady Katherine Paston (Letter) From Sir John Heveningham to Lady Katherine Paston
Samuel Machett to Lady Katherine Paston 16th April 1619 (Letter) From Samuel Machett to Lady Katherine Paston
Lady Katherine Paston to Francis Bacon, Lord Verulam, 29th April 1619 (Letter) From Lady Katherine Paston to Francis Bacon, Lord Verulam
Sir John Heveningham to Lady Katherine Paston, 18th January 1620 (Letter) From Sir John Heveningham to Lady Katherine Paston
Lady Katherine Paston to Sir John Heveningham 20th January 1620 (Letter) From Lady Katherine Paston to Sir John Heveningham
Pursuivants, who pursue Roman Catholic dissidents, visit Appleton Hall.
Edward Paston has a chapel for the celebration of Mass in the woods behind Appleton Hall. The Pursuivants are thwarted by a fracas involving a dog. The incident is recorded by Mary Berney.
Lady Katherine Paston to William Paston, 11th June 1624 (Letter) From Lady Katherine Paston to William Paston
William Denny to Lady Katherine Paston, December 1624 (Letter) From William Denny to Lady Katherine Paston
Lady Katherine Paston to William Paston, Late August 1625 (Letter) From Lady Katherine Paston to William Paston
Lady Katherine Paston to William Paston, Late September 1626 (Letter) From Lady Katherine Paston to William Paston
Lady Katherine Paston to William Paston, February 1627 (Letter) From Lady Katherine Paston to William Paston
Lady Katherine Paston to William Paston, 7th February 1627 (Letter) From Lady Katherine Paston to William Paston
Sir Edward Coke, Lord Chief Justice, husband of Bridget Paston, presents the Petition of Right to Charles I
The Petition upholds the rights of the People and Parliament.
Robert Paston, the first Earl of Yarmouth, is born.
Robert Paston is born at Oxnead Hall.
Sculptor Nicholas Stone is friend to the Pastons.
He sculpts their family tombs at Paston and Oxnead, and creates the remarkable effigy of John Donne, still visible in St Pauls Cathedral.
Sir William Paston visits Italy and Egypt.
Following the death of his wife Katherine in childbirth, Sir William tours Italy and the Middle East with the son of the sculptor, Nicholas Stone. On his travels he buys many objects of great value.
Robertt Paston attends Westminster School at about this time.
Sir William Paston is exiled in Holland during the English Civil War.
Margaret, wife of Sir William, negotiates with Sir John Potts of Mannington Hall the amount of payment in silver plate required by Parliament for Sir William's return.
Birth of Sir Isaac Newton at Woolsthorpe Manor House.
One of the most influential scientists and mathematicians of all time, he also writes on theology and alchemy.
The battle of Naseby.
The battle of Naseby, in Northamptonshire, is a decisive engagement of the First English Civil War, fought between the main Royalist army of King Charles I and the victorious Parliamentarian New Model Army, commanded by Sir Thomas Fairfax and Oliver Cromwell.
The execution of King Charles I.
The Protectorate begins under Cromwell.
The sale of Caister Castle.
The Pastons sell Caister Castle to William Crow, a money lender.
The English, Scottish and Irish monarchies are all restored under King Charles II.
Robert Paston rides out from London
Robert is one of those who rides out from London to greet the future Charles II on the Restoration of the Monarchy.
Robert Paston is appointed a founding Fellow of the Royal Society.
At Gresham College, Bishopsgate.
John Clayton to Sir Robert Paston, 8th April 1663, Florence (Letter) From John Clayton to Sir Robert Paston
Inventory of jewellery, July 30th, 1633 (Inventory)
Thomas Henshaw to Sir Robert Paston, 5th November 1663 (Letter) From Thomas Henshaw to Sir Robert Paston
The Great Fire of London breaks out and destroys a large part of the centre of the city.
Robert describes a game of cricket played on Richmond Green.
Sir Robert Paston to Rebecca, Lady Paston, 19th June 1666 (Letter) From Sir Robert Paston to Rebecca, Lady Paston
Charles II visits the Pastons at Oxnead Hall.
Charles II visits the Townshends at Raynham Hall, the Hobarts at Blickling Hall and the Pastons at Oxnead Hall.
Robert is wounded by highwaymen in Kensington.
Sir Robert Paston is appointed Lord Lieutenant for Norfolk.
Sir Robert further strains his already parlous financial position with the expensive entertainment required of the post.
Sir Robert Paston is created 1st Earl of Yarmouth.
Sir Robert visits Yarmouth in a show of great pageantry and ceremony.
Robert lodges at The Golden Ball, Suffolk Street.
Robert dies in London.
The Glorious Revolution.
The overthrow of James II because of his religious tolerance and fears of a Roman Catholic dynasty with the birth of his son James.
William III, William of Orange, becomes King.
William comes from the Dutch Republic to becomes England's King, ending the fear of a Roman Catholic revival in the country.
The Bank of England is founded to act as the Government's banker.
The first English language national newspaper, the Daily Courant, is published.
The Kingdom of Great Britain comes into being.
The Paston Letters are discovered at Oxnead Hall by Francis Blomefield.
Blomefield gains permission from the Rector of Oxnead to visit the muniment room in the decaying ruins of Oxnead Hall, where he finds "innumerable letters of good consequence in history".
Samuel Johnson publishes "A Dictionary of the English Language".
John Fenn of Dereham publishes his first edition of the Paston Letters.
He presents the first publication of the Letters to King George III.
Margaret Paston marries Sir Henry Paston-Bedingfeld.
On condition that he incorporates her name into his, thus ensuring the survival of the Paston name.
Herman Merivale publishes an article.
He questions the authenticity of the medieval Paston letters.
The Society of Antiquaries at Somerset House declares the Letters to be genuine.
The Society recommends that they be purchased by the British Library where the medieval Letters remain to this day.
1872-1875 James Gairdner publishes his first edition of the Paston Letters and associated research.
The Correspondence of Lady Katherine Paston 1603-1627 is published.
The Norfolk Record Society publishes "The Correspondence of Lady Katherine Paston 1603-1627", edited by Ruth Hughey.
The Whirlpool of Misadventures is published.
The Norfolk Record Society publishes "The Whirlpool of Misadventures; The Letters of Robert Paston, First Earl of Yarmouth, 1663-1679", edited by Jean Agnew.
The Paston Treasure, Riches and Rarities of the Known World, exhibition at Norwich Castle Museum.
600th Paston Anniversary Festival by Paston Footprints